euthanasia kantianism vs utilitarianism

Utilitarianism states that what makes an action right is that it produces the greatest amount of happiness (not just your happiness, but others as well). This can be illustrated in the most common case of euthanasia, where the person who is ailing to die suffers from an illness that causes great pain, and will result in his or her demise in the not-so-distant future. To illustrate, if I were to make a promise with no intentions of keeping it, and I imagine all other people doing the same, then very idea of a promise would cease to have meaning, and thus, my action would give rise to a practical contradiction, and consequently, be immoral. We are going to have one group taking a Kantianism perspective and the other Utilitarianism. Let us look at the issue of euthanasia being admissible in a utilitarian framework. The deliberate act of ending another's life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia… The deliberate act of ending another 's life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia is defined as “the practice of ending a … Therefore, since euthanasia meets the moral standards set by, 'Tess of the d'Urbervilles' by Thomas Hardy: An essay on the characters representing social class and social change. Physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia is a controversial topic that brings up many ethical issues and the rights of the patients the physicians serve. Deliberately killing another person is presumed by most rational people as a fundamental evil act. Thus, with regard to euthanasia, Kantian would reject the act of euthanasia s a morally good action based on their reasoning that an action is good only if it acts in accordance with a categorical imperative. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. the death penalty. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. That practical contradiction being if everyone were to kill one another, then there would be no people left in this world, and as a consequence, the very idea of murder would lose its meaning. Utilitarianism means that the outcome of our actions determines whether or not what we have done is good. Euthanasia and Utilitarianism The principle of Utilitarianism was invented by Jeremy Bentham. Downloaded 202 times. 0 Like 0 Tweet. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. Euthanasia related to Kantianism and Utilitarianism. In this case, killing the person Would seem to be the most humane and reasonable thing to do, whereas keeping the person alive would be akin to torture; which is also presumed to be a fundamental evil act. For example, it is possible that the person, who underwent euthanasia because of the pain he/she suffered, could’ve been misdiagnosed and fully recovered shortly after. Therefore, an action that slightly increases your own pleasure, but in turn, dramatically decreases the pleasure of other, according to Utilitarianism is not moral action. This paper will find out what utilitarian and deontological positions would say about euthanasia. There are a variety of positions, based on the numerous ethical theories that have been developed, that one can take in order to resolve the issue of euthanasia; but the positions I will be looking at in particular, are the positions based on John Stuart Mill's 'Utilitarianism' ethical theory, and Immanuel Kant's 'Categorical Imperative' ethical theory. This practice with the terminally ill is known as euthanasia. It is a consequentialist ethic. When a person is suffering tremendously and is most likely going to die navy’s, it does not at all seem unreasonable to kill him. However, when that person gives his or her consent to do so, this seems to give rise to an exceptional case. According to Kant there is only one categorical imperative, which is to “act only on that maxim in which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal (Kant, 528); and can also be formulated as “act in such a way tattoo always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as means, but always at the same time as an end” (Kant, 532). Finally, Utilitarianism asserts that an action is good only if it promotes the greatest happiness for the greatest amount of people. Therefore in this paper I would discuss voluntary active euthanasia from Kantian and utilitarian’s perspective. According to Kant, we should look at our maxims, or intentions, of the particular action. Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism Essay Sample The deliberate act of ending another’s life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia. We can argue for or against, but it has to relate to our moral philosophy. Euthanasia through utilitarianism ; Is Euthanasia right or wrong? Kantians believe “human life is valuable because humans are the bearers of rational life” (O’Neill 414). Hedonistic Utilitarianism An action is god when it maximizes the amount of pleasure for most people, consequences in a minimum amount of pain. concept of autonomy in the euthanasia debate and 2) the application of Kantian autonomy to the euthanasia debate is only appropriate in making an argument that advanced directives, made by a present rational self for a future arational self, can legitimately specify conditions under which euthanasia should occur. Therefore, since euthanasia meets the moral standards set by Utilitarianism, it would support the act of euthanasia as a morally sound action. Tannsjo is correct to observe that the same philosophical starting points can be used to arrive at very different outlooks. Nonetheless, Kant would consider it the wrong choice for the same reasons as those relating to an actively perpetrated suicide. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in … Kantians believe “human life is valuable because humans are the bearers of rational life” (O’Neill 414). Aside from the cultural and religious aspects on dying, Utilitarianism and Kantian Ethics discuss how we, as humans, should pursue our lives. Euthanasia is often considered a moral issue. Hence, based on an understanding of human experience Utilitarianism proposes that the ultimate end of every human action is simply pleasure, and the absence of pain. Kantianism and utilitarianism have different ways for determining whether an act we do is right or wrong. Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism. • Utilitarianism and Euthanasia • Kantian Ethics and Euthanasia. 451). It is unreasonable, and bordering on foolish, to claim to adequately resolve special cases of murder such as euthanasia through a simple, general statement without taking into consideration its context. In fact, killing the person would seem to be the most humane act one can perform, and in not killing the person, and keeping him/her alive in such a state of pain and agony, would be like an indirect form of torture; which in Kantian is not a moral act. Logistics management - Evaluate the logistics operations carried out within the company highlighting the problems encountered. Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism Essay Sample The deliberate act of ending another’s life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia. There are a variety of positions, based on the numerous ethical theories that have been developed, that one can take in order to resolve the issue of euthanasia; but the positions will be looking at in particular, are the positions based on John Stuart Mill’s ‘Utilitarianism’ ethical theory, and Emmanuel Cant’s ‘Categorical Imperative’ ethical theory. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of it. Therefore, since euthanasia meets the moral tankards set by Utilitarianism, it would support the act of euthanasia as a morally sound action. Immanuel Kant focuses on actions and labels an action morally right if … All you need to do is fill out a short form and submit an order. Essentially, the categorical imperative states that your actions must not result in a practical contradiction, which can be determined by nationalizing all other people performing the same act. Keywords Ethics, Euthanasia, demise, Uncertainty, ethical issues. How is racism depicted in 'Life for a Life' by Alan Paton. STEP 2: Reading The Euthanasia Kantianism Vs Utilitarianism Harvard Case Study: To have a complete understanding of the case, one should focus on case reading. Philosophy Support Materials: Moral Philosophy – Student Activities (H and Int 2) 2. I'm in Canada and the debate has been started again by the government. I am preparing for an in-class debate to discuss the morals of the Euthanasia. A KANTIAN APPROACH TO EUTHANASIA ABSTRACT The paper addresses the issues of euthanasia and thoroughly analyses Kantian response to the practice in question. A KANTIAN APPROACH TO EUTHANASIA ABSTRACT The paper addresses the issues of euthanasia and thoroughly analyses Kantian response to the practice in question. You can get your custom paper from Sorry, but copying text is forbidden on this website. So, if a person acts out of good intentions, but does not produce beneficial results, then his action does not qualify as a moral action. Utilitarianism vs. Kantianism According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), utilitarianism is, “a normative ethical theory originally established by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill that advocates brining about good consequences or happiness to all concerned” (pp. With Kantian, the significant flaw in their position lies in the fact that they make an absolute, immutable statement – do not murder – without any consideration for the context in which murder takes place. Voluntary euthanasia is justifiable when the action leads to the happiness of the individual and society. With respect to the people who care for the individual, they loud be happy that he/she is alive, but unhappy at the same time because he/she is in great pain; or if the individual underwent euthanasia, happy because he/she is no longer in pain, but unhappy because he/she is dead. And if one were to make an exception in this case, what would then prevent us from making exceptions in other cases? Mill is one of the philosophers who described the moral theory of utilitarianism, an ethical view that can help an individual in making decisions. We have to prepare both sides. Taking the categorical imperative in terms of being able to act In ways that can, without contradiction, become a universal law, if one were to universalism killing another person – which is the fundamental act in euthanasia – this would result in a practical contradiction. However, as I stated in my thesis, I believe that Utilitarianism, and Kantian do not provide an adequate resolution to the issue of euthanasia, because of he significant flaws in their reasoning. This paper will first discuss the principles of utilitarianism through Bentham The deliberate act of ending another's life, given his or her consent, is formally referred to as euthanasia. Therefore, since euthanasia does not meet the moral standards set out by Kantian, it would not support the act of euthanasia as a morally sound action. It is Teleological and focused on maximizing utility, as opposed to the Deontological root of a Kantian philosophy. Euthanasia and Kantian Ethics Immanuel Kant was a philosopher who believed in a particular way of approaching ethics. Topics: Morality, Immanuel Kant, Ethics Pages: 5 (1611 words) Published: April 9, 2004. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in … Act that your principle of action might safely be made a law for the whole world.”As somebody who believes in god and with Kant’s ideas, I agree with this quote because Kantian ethics are usually spoken of in terms of duty and doing the right thing, Kant himself thought that … Voluntary euthanasia is justifiable when the action leads to the happiness of the individual and society. Kantian vs. Utilitarian Ethics of Euthanasia... Euthanasia is often considered a moral issue. Help, Use multiple resourses when assembling your essay, Get help form professional writers when not sure you can do it yourself, Use Plagiarism Checker to double check your essay, Do not copy and paste free to download essays. Unlike Utilitarianism however, Kantianism states that ethics is a purely a priori discipline, thus, independent of experience, and that ethical rules can only be … I'm in Canada and the debate has been started again by the government. This fundamental idea then forms the basis for Utilitarianism’s Greatest Happiness Principle which states, “actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. Based on these ideas, Kantian propose that an action is good only if it performed out a ‘good will’; which is the only thing that is good, in and of itself. 4 UTILITARIAN ETHICS Bedau (1983) tells us that Kantian ethics contrast the idea of utilitarianism, which proposes that all situations demand a certain degree of pragmatism with respect to behavior. Essays: Euthanasia: Kantianism vs Utilitarianism. • Utilitarianism says that an act is justified if maximum numbers of people are deriving happiness out of … First let us define voluntary euthanasia. He followed two 'laws' when deciding what to do in a moral dilemma. Get Your Custom Essay on, By clicking “Write my paper”, you agree to our, By clicking Send Me The Sample you agree on the, The doctrine of utilitarianism articulated by jeremy bentham argued that governments should, Compare And Contrast Utilitarianism With Kant MID TERM, https://graduateway.com/euthanasia-kantianism-vs-utilitarianism-essay/, Get your custom To act out of a ‘good will’, one must act in accordance with a categorical imperative. 451). your own paper. In reference to Kant’s views on many related issues, such as murder, suicide, autonomy, rationality, our expert writers, Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample, Hi, my name is Jenn Kantianism vs Utilitarianism • Attitude towards what is right or wrong is what constitutes the basic difference between utilitarianism and Kantianism. The reason being that the people who care for the person are both happy and unhappy regardless of whether the person is dead or alive, but the person will only be happy if he/she is dead. Philosophy Support Materials: Moral Philosophy – Student Activities (H and Int 2) 3 NOTE TO TUTORS These support materials have been designed to support the teaching of the At present, euthanasia is one of the most controversial social-ethical issues that we face, in that it deals with a sensitive subject matter where there is much uncertainty as to what position one ought to take. But euthanasia, in essence, is murder, and this might lead one to ask whether there can ever be an exception to murder? I am preparing for an in-class debate to discuss the morals of the Euthanasia. Also contrary to Utilitarianism, Kantian asserts that the moral worth of an action should be judged on its motive and the action itself, and not on its consequences. Kantianism and Utilitarianism Euthanasia is one of the issues that different philosophers have discussed in length. the death penalty. In additions I would be discussing arguments for and against voluntary active euthanasia. therefore. independent of experience. A utilitarian perspective is the foil to a Kantian viewpoint, as intent has no bearing on a decision, while the net outcome is the determining factor for … Voluntary euthanasia is defined as “the practice of ending a … This can be illustrated in the most common case of euthanasia, where the person who is willing to die suffers from an illness that causes great pain, and will result in his or her demise in the not-so-distant future. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantian, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but will argue that neither position provides an adage Tate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in the reasoning that led to their particular positions. Euthanasia denotes any action that terminates the life of an individual in intense and debilitating medical state. (Dodds, Lecture 2) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism are two theories that attempt to answer the ethical nature of human beings. According to Utilitarianism, euthanasia can be morally justified, whereas according to Kantianism, euthanasia is not morally justifiable; but I will argue that neither position provides an adequate resolution to the issue, due to the significant flaws that are inherent in … it would back up the act of mercy killing as a morally sound action.Unlike Utilitarianism nevertheless. download word file, 6 pages, 4.3. Also, Utilitarianism asserts that actions are judged as moral solely based on their consequences, and not on their motives. "You must agree to out terms of services and privacy policy", Don't use plagiarized sources. It is said that case should be read two times. This simply means that the end justifies means. In the worst case scenario, would his not leave an opening for cold-blooded murders to kill people without their consent, and make false claims that they did have their consent? Utilitarianism pdf and kantianism. A probable Kantian attitude towards euthanasia, apart from the analogy with suicide, can be derived from Kant’s vie ws on deliberate murder and punishment, i.e. Euthanasia denotes any action that terminates the life of an individual in intense and debilitating medical state. Sa y that pleasure is all that matters and then to act out of it one... Philosophy – Student Activities ( H and Int 2 ) Kantian moral theory and Utilitarianism euthanasia is when. Against the permissibility of active euthanasia and Kantian Ethics and euthanasia is by! Justified if maximum numbers of people be discussing arguments for and against active. A life ' by Alan Paton be read two times irrational sa y that pleasure is all that and... 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