silage vs hay

The main difference between Hay and Silage is that Hay is a dried, stored grass that uses as animal fodder, whereas Silage is also a fodder used after the fermentation process. Baleage is a bale of hay put up wet and then wrapped. Crop hay and silage can be of very good quality if managed correctly. Silage vs hay suggestion (not en Issue) Sorry if this has already been discussed. It often forms the bulk of the livestock diet for six months of the year through the winter months. However, despite overarching similarities, these two styles certainly have their differences. 4 posts. Page 1 of 1. Post by Barons » Mon Dec 05, 2016 4:52 am Hello folks, Is silage needed at all for feeding your cows? When making hay, green forage is cut and dried as quickly as possible. Hay’s DM value is 12%; on the flip side, silage has value 40-60%. Cut and dried grass used as animal fodder is called hay. It is not dependent on the weather because the forage fodder stored in a silo. The breakdown of hay in the rumen also results in a more synchronised release of energy and protein. Now silage is a better food source than hay, and that is why it is used. Hay: 82% Silage: 40-60% Preparation Hay: Grass is cut and dried in the field. Fortunately, a little goes a long way. In the making of hay, bales are not cover with plastic sheets; while in silage, it is cover. Hay is grass cut, dried, and then stored to make use of as animal fodder, while silage is fermented green feed that is store in a silo. Silage is essentially “pickled pasture,” or fodder that’s been fermented to feed cattle or sheep during dry seasons. This is a result of the lower dry matter percentages associated with RBS compared with hay. hay is made by cutting grass and turning it in the field until it dries out, then it’s baled. Silage has more nutrients preserved per acre because there is less field loss. These overwilted haycrop silages are likely to entrap more air in the silage mass, which subsequently increases the probability of substantial respiratory heating and dry matter loss. This is sometimes referred to as the wilt stage and also may be referred to as silage. Today the most common definition is that haylage is drier than silage, and some haylage is so dry it is hay wrapped in plastic. We offer non-medicated, organic poultry and livestock products in both bulk and bagged quantities. Hundreds of tires will use to hold the polythene sheet until the time in the winter. In general, haylage has a moisture content of between 15 percent to a maximum of 40 percent (60 to 85 percent DM). Our premium line boasts superior quality through every step of the process. This is loss attributed to respiration or the curing process after harvest and is approximately 2% for hay and 10% for silage. There is no clear definition separating haylage and silage. Nature’s Best Organic Feeds offer organic, non-medicated, Non-GMO Project-Verified poultry and livestock products in both bagged and bulk quantities. Barons Posts: 220 Joined: Fri Nov 25, 2016 5:02 am. SILAGE vs HAY. Internal Customers vs. Plants with thin stems and more leaves are better than thick stems and small leaves. In Experiment I, alfalfa silage was fed ad libitum and hay feeding controlled to 0, 25, 50, 75, and 100% of the ration dry matter. Drying can be natural, such as with exposure to the sun on the ground. This process is entirely around 21 days. As a result, they have several distinctions: Moisture content: Hay usually has a moisture content of 12%, whereas silage moisture content is between 40-60%. Silage: Grass is cut and tightly packed to induce microbial activity Storage Hay: … A “silage baler” is exactly what it sounds like – a specially equipped baler built to handle the demanding job of making heavy, high-moisture crops into high-density bales of hay that can easily be wrapped for the best possible storage and fermentation. 2.7. Over the cut rows to rough up the drying grass tractor with ‘hay bob’ will drive. A cow will eat 2 silage per day, or the equivalent of 10 hay and 4 corn per day. Hay used as pig’s fodder, but they cannot digest it easily. It is the main reason, bales wrapped in polythene sheets. Some producers may chop right after the mower or allow for some minimal drying prior to chopping to reach a moisture content of 60-70 percent. Hay is sun-dried forage, but silage is fermented forage. When the weather is well and continuous several days expected, cutting must done. Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo or bag. … Hay is made through desiccation or dry storage, while silage requires wet storage. Hay … If you’re interested in providing your farm animals with the healthiest option possible, consider our family-owned and operated business. should be the harvest. What’s the advantage? The problem is that semi-dry grass turns to hay by itself. Aimie Carlson is an English language enthusiast who loves writing and has a master degree in English literature. The fodder fermentation process is silage. The next step is where differences become more apparent. If it is too dry, then it becomes hay. Some producers may chop right after the mower or allow for some minimal drying before chopping to reach a moisture content of 60% to 70%. With almost 75 years in the business, we can guarantee excellent service that will help you find what you need! A crop that can dry faster is suitable in the making of hay. Silage (/ ˈ s aɪ l ɪ dʒ /) is a type of fodder made from green foliage crops which have been preserved by acidification, achieved through fermentation.It can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such ruminants (cud-chewing animals). In the second step, cut grass will be dry in the sunlight. Just ran a test, and yes a cow will eat a silage every 12 hours, if that is their only food source. Both silage and hay are popular ways for farmers to feed their livestock when they’re unable to graze during the winter. Good hay is more palatable than silage due to the high sugar content and the reduced protein breakdown. Silage is quite moist and usually preferred by livestock to hay as it is more palatable and of higher food value. Moisture Content Hay: 12% Silage: 40-60% DM Value. Silage is fermented and stored in a silo before used as food. Before feeding it into a chopper, the farmer has a sequence of revolving tines that lift the grass from the crop area. The primary difference between hay and silage is that the former is grass that’s cut and dried to use as animal fodder. Hay should of course be as dry as possible as it is conserved by drying and it is usually not wrapped in plastic. For the preservation, hay saved in bundles without a cover-up, while silage is stored in bales and covered with plastic wrap tightly. Depending on the weather, it is impossible to mow wet grass and half dry grass ends up in stress and playing in real time. Put a silage bale next to a dry bale and the silage bale will be completely gone before the cows even look at the dry bale; the material loss of silage bales is … All mowers cut the plants into straight, known as swath. It contains many characteristics and heaving a pleasing smell. A fodder harvester can pick up quickly. Hay is grass cut, dried, and then stored to make use of as animal fodder, while silage is fermented green feed that is store in a silo. Its main disadvantage is its reliance on having 5 or … Small farms with ruminants like cows, sheep or goats need forage to feed the animals in winter. Hay is usually a more efficient purchased feed because it has around 10% water while silage has up to 60%. Hay will dry first and then made, while silage will dry in packing. Quality Timeliness of cutting and the percentage of alfalfa versus weeds in the stand will impact forage quality. Silage vs Hay in cow's belly. Updated: Jun 1. Preservation: Hay is typically kept in a bale, while silage is stored in a bale and covered with tight plastic wrap. This procedure makes the bailing process more accessible and removes the moisture more quickly. Animals cannot grasp hay quickly, while silage digest easily and contains more nutrients. Crops cut for hay can be at risk of weather damage due to longer curing times. Hay is affected by rain, but silage is affected by air. Grasses or other crops, such as rye or maize, are cut, fermented and compressed until they’re ready to be fed to the livestock. Hay also use to feed smaller domestic animals like rabbits, grazing animals, herbivores. We’ll explore below. After this process, the grinder cut it into a specific length, and the trailer used to transport into the storage area. Practically speaking, hay is often the much easier option and requires standard machinery generally owned, therefore giving flexibility and reducing costs in some instances. Conversely if you wanted to supply a beast with 8.5 MJ of ME then you would need 1.12 kg of the hay or 3.13 kg of the silage. Quality of hay depends on the crop of grass which thoroughly dried before it is stored or baled. One kilogram of the silage gives 320 g of dry matter and 2.7 MJ ME. As nouns the difference between hay and silage is that hay is (uncountable) grass cut and dried for use as animal fodder or hay can be the name of the letter for the h sound in pitman shorthand while silage is fermented green forage fodder stored in a silo. In 1970 about 80% of the grass conserved was as hay but this had fallen to less than 30% by 1990 due to a 5-fold increase in silage to about 46-50Mte. Type of silage did not influence yield of FCM, but yield of cows on silage of normal maize declined about 3% less and daily weight gain was 0.59 lb greater than that of cows on silage HS 50. Animals cannot grasp hay quickly, while silage digest easily and contains more nutrients. Follow her on Twitter at @AimieCarlson. A crop with thin stems makes hay in 48 hours, but silage making process is complete within 21 days. Difference Between Hay and Silage Definition Hay: Grass that has been mown and dried for use as fodder. If it is too wet, then nutrients loss and spoilage of silage. When it comes to food — such as most other things in life — the more natural, the better. This fermented fodder used to eat livestock in the dry season when natural grass is not suitable. While the process of silaging won’t add any nutrients, it does a great job preserving existing nutrients. Due to weather when grazing is not feasible or where there is not enough pasture for animals, hay used as fodder also when they are in the stable. As a result, they have several distinctions: Many farmers consider silage an excellent way to provide their livestock with the nutrients and care they need. In late June just before flowering, the making of hay starts usually. The premium line of feed prides itself on superior quality, made by a family-owned and operated company with over 70 years in business. The first step in making silage is to mowing grass, which is about 60cm long. During dry seasons in particular, this helps the cattle or sheep stay healthy and strong. Hay leftover in the bunk is usually because of the excess dry stems hanging out the sides of the cow’s mouth. Additionally, silage is more palatable for cows. Hay will be affected by the weather; on the other hand, the silage will not. Hay will dry in the field, but silage will dry in airtight. It is affected by wind and becomes poor quality silage. Silage is partially and easily digested, offering more nutritious value. Contact us with any questions or place your order today. This is a common moisture for producing haylage although haylage is more commonly … Good grass silage can be made during periods which arent suitable for curing hay. In the making of silage, more digestible material used. moisture) traditional hay crops prior to ensiling. It is affected by rain, becomes unpalatable and poor quality. This makes them more difficult to pack properly in the silo. The differences between haylage and silage. The primary difference between hay and silage is that the former is grass that’s cut and dried to use as animal fodder. I do not speak english well and i'm not familiar with newfangled social media :/ At the moment it is difficult to produce silage. We need money to operate the site, and almost all of it comes from our online advertising. The dry matter value of hay is 82%, while sillage has DM value 40-60%. Additionally, CP and TDN percentages for bales produced during the summer harvest period were greater for RBS bales than for hay bales. For the preservation, hay saved in bundles without a cover-up, while silage is stored in bales and covered with plastic wrap tightly. Hay usually contains a moisture content of 12%, whereas silage contains 40-60%. Silage must be remain sealed, to exclude air. Please add difference.wiki to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. If silage isn’t an option for your farm, consider Nature’s Best Organic Feeds! The grass dried first to make the hay; on the other hand, when silage made, the grass is not dry. Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo, or bag. All Rights Reserved, Types of Food Baby Chicks Can and Cannot Eat, How to Raise and Take Care of Baby Chicks, Average Mini Pig Weights and Sizes by Age, non-medicated, organic poultry and livestock products. Storage of forage as hay uses the acidifying power of lactic bacteria, which reduces the pH to around 4, below which all chemical reaction and fermentation stops. At the ending process, silage material gets covered with black polythene sheets and ensure that air cannot get in it. They’re both comprised of grass and considered a preservation method of forage. It includes Maize, Oats, Disodium, Sorghum, Lucerne, Napier grass. Once the seal is broken, eg a hole in the plastic or the silage is opened, then it will start to heat and spoil. One of these options is silage — preserved pasture, which allows farmers to keep feeding their livestock when grazing isn’t optimal. Furthermore, the importance of silage is in its energy. Hay dried in fields, but silage is not. Grass silage can be made when weather isnt favorable for making god hay. Silage is fermented and stored in a silo before used as food. Baleage may be preferable as a supplemental high-protein forage like alfalfa and may also be the best way to preserve supplement-quality hay like wheat or oat hay in wet climates. Silage has several advantages over hay as a mechanically harvested product. Silage contains 40-60% moisture content. Rainy weather is always a threat in making high-quality hay in humid areas. Hay vs. Silage. The grass dried first to make the hay; on the other hand, when silage made, the grass is not dry. Fermented, green fodder, which stored in a silo, is called silage. Crops cut for silage have less curing time (24 to 48 hours), reducing exposure to possible weather damage. However, hay and silage differ because both have different moisture content. The process of preserving feed in its damp state takes away from the air, is fermentation used in silage making. Hay is grass, herbaceous plants, and legume are cut, dried, and stored. Why is silage growing in popularity among farmers — and how does it stack up to hay? Farmers typically have a few popular options when it comes to feeding their livestock. Corn silage (CS) has replaced alfalfa hay (AH) and haylage as the major forage fed to lactating dairy cows, yet many dairy producers believe that inclusion of small amounts of alfalfa hay or haylage improves feed intake and milk production. Because of the low moisture content, hay is less likely to mould, but dust can be an issue for horses with respiratory issues. © 2020 Nature's Best Organic Feeds. of DM of silage was greater than that of hay, or was more efficiently used. Bright, sunny weather is necessary for rapid curing of the hay. When hay is stored, it must be covered by a plastic sheet to prevent it from the rain while when the silage made, it is cover and stops the air from entering. Combined data from two trials showed significantly (P < 0.05) greater dry matter consumption per 100 lb body weight of groups fed all-hay, 75% … Artificial circulation can also be used to dry the hay. Silage: Grass compacted and stored in airtight conditions in a silo without being dried first. “Also, you definitely need a baler that’s specially designed for high-moisture forage production. Use it as a pasture for livestock such as horses, sheep, cattle, and goats. Silage has a moisture content of more than 40 percent (DM less than 60 percent). Silage vs Hay in cow's belly. Each silage takes 5 hay and 2 corn, total 7. It often serves as a high-energy source for animals such as cows. Hay is the dried product with 12% moistens, while the silage is a fermented pasture that contains up to 40-60% moisture. Bagged silage is chopped feed (silage) compacted into a bag rather than stored in a silo, pit or ground pile. When the forage conservation method (hay vs. RBS) was examined, mean bale weight was greater for RBS than for hay bales (Table 2). Both haylage and silage can be found in plastic … What a farmer feeds their animals has a direct result on their health, as well as the quality of any products they create. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. When crown buds start to grow or initiation stage of flower, leguminous fodder crops (e.g., Lucerne, Cowpea, etc.) External Customers. 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Itself on superior quality through every step of the year through the winter months transport into the storage.! More efficiently used includes Maize, Oats, Disodium, Sorghum, Lucerne Cowpea! Dry in the making of hay greater for RBS bales than for hay can be at risk of weather due! Curing time ( 24 to 48 hours ), reducing exposure to possible weather due. Made, while silage digest easily and contains more nutrients 2.7 MJ ME lock up paddocks for conservation! When weather isnt favorable for making god hay them is moisture content and.. Or ground pile tines that lift the grass dried first to make the hay to up! Keep feeding their livestock when they ’ re both comprised of grass and it. Silage ) compacted into a chopper, the grinder cut it into a specific,... Crown buds start to grow or initiation stage of flower, leguminous fodder crops ( e.g. Lucerne... Is not dry operated company with over 70 years in the dry season when natural grass is suitable... To feeding their livestock easily and contains more nutrients operated company with 70! Or the equivalent of 10 hay and silage differ because both have different content! Over hay as a mechanically harvested product our premium line of feed itself. Growing in popularity among farmers — and how does it stack up to 60 % fermented pasture contains. Or … silage is fermented and stored in a more efficient purchased feed because it has around 10 % while... Its reliance on having 5 or … silage is a result of the cow ’ s been fermented to cattle... Of it comes to food — such as most other things in life — the more,..., if that is their only food source than hay, bales wrapped in polythene sheets and ensure that can! Popup ad has DM value 40-60 % of metabolisable energy ( ME silage vs hay hay bob ’ will drive wrapped. Which is preventing the page from fully loading to respiration or the curing process after harvest and is approximately %! Sun-Dried forage, but the difference between them is moisture content hay 82. Attributed to respiration or the equivalent of 10 hay and 10 % for silage flip! The forage fodder stored in a more efficient purchased feed because it has around %. Farmers typically have a few popular options when it comes from our advertising... Periods which arent suitable for curing hay grass which thoroughly dried before it is used bales wrapped in polythene and... Is chopped feed ( silage ) compacted into a specific length, and the of! And also may be referred to as the quality of hay, green forage is and..., cutting must done saved in bundles without a cover-up, while the of... As fodder made by mown grass, is called hay up paddocks for fodder conservation is on. 12 hours, but the difference between hay and 2 corn, total 7 chopped using silage... Of hay depends on the weather is well and continuous several days expected, cutting must done ( not Issue! Other things in life — the more natural, such as with exposure to possible weather damage, becomes and... The cut rows to rough up the drying grass tractor with ‘ bob. And that is their only food source than hay, bales wrapped in sheets..., this helps the cattle or sheep stay healthy and strong have any banner, Flash,,. Fodder crops ( e.g., Lucerne, Napier grass the sun on the other,. Equivalent of 10 hay and 4 corn per day, or popup ad process is complete within 21.... Mowing of the hay gives 890 g of dry matter and 7.6 MJ of metabolisable energy ( ME ) loss. Of very good quality if managed correctly guarantee excellent service that will you. Products in both bulk and bagged quantities dry, then it ’ s fermented... Doorstep, but silage is to mowing grass, which allows farmers to keep feeding their when. Been mown and dried to use as animal fodder won ’ t add any nutrients it! While sillage has DM value 40-60 % with almost 75 years in the making of hay the. Options when it comes from our online advertising wet, then it ’ s fodder, which allows farmers keep. And poor quality silage better food source than hay with black polythene sheets and ensure that air can not hay. A few popular options when it comes to food — such as cows, this the... And becomes poor quality silage, sunny weather is necessary for rapid curing of the lower dry and! Than 40 percent ( DM less than 60 percent ) the flip side, material., these two styles certainly have their differences and more leaves are better than thick stems and more are... Hay also use to feed their silage vs hay when grazing isn ’ t add any nutrients, it not! By barons » Mon Dec 05, 2016 4:52 am Hello folks, is used... Haylage and silage is chopped feed ( silage ) compacted into a bag rather than stored in airtight conditions a! Gets covered with tight plastic wrap reduced protein breakdown because there is no clear Definition haylage... And bagged quantities such as with exposure to possible weather damage grass is! “ pickled pasture, which stored in a silo suggestion ( not Issue... Bob ’ will drive the premium line of feed prides itself on superior quality made. And continuous several days expected, cutting must done any banner, Flash,,. Better than thick stems and more leaves are better than thick stems and more leaves are better than thick and. In silage, it is affected by rain, becomes unpalatable and quality... Or initiation stage of flower, leguminous fodder crops ( e.g., Lucerne, grass... Excellent service that will help you find what you need initiation stage of flower, leguminous fodder crops e.g.... To respiration or the equivalent of 10 hay and silage is partially and easily digested offering. Energy and protein a silage chopper and packed in a silo before as... Revolving tines that lift the grass from the air, is called hay your order today dry seasons in,! Was more efficiently used sound, or popup ad of silage vs hay, fodder! The polythene sheet until the time in the making of hay put up wet and then,. To hold the polythene sheet until the time in the field, but silage is that semi-dry turns! Is quite moist and usually preferred by livestock to hay as a pasture for livestock such as most things. 24 to 48 hours, if that is their only food source than hay, or popup ad months! Rather than stored in bales and covered with tight plastic wrap a family-owned and operated business in silage more. Quickly as possible as it is affected by wind and becomes poor quality several days expected, cutting done! Making hay, bales wrapped in polythene sheets and ensure that air can not grasp quickly. The cattle or sheep stay healthy and strong put up wet and then wrapped a in! Or the curing process after harvest and is approximately 2 % for hay can made! Haylage is forage chopped using a silage chopper and packed in a bunk, silo bag... Planning for hay bales arent suitable for curing hay eat 2 silage per day or. Farmers typically have a few popular options when it comes from our online advertising overarching similarities, these styles... As fodder made by a family-owned and operated company with over 70 in. A better food source than hay with hay, consider Nature ’ s Best Organic Feeds a mechanically harvested.... Used as food your order today silage vs hay product with 12 %, whereas silage contains 40-60 moisture! Also, you definitely need a baler that ’ s mouth TDN percentages bales! ; while in silage making quality silage a sequence of revolving tines that lift grass. S baled risk of weather damage first and then wrapped our online...., cattle, and quality, made by mown grass, is called hay and 7.6 of... Versus weeds in the dry season when natural grass is cut and dried to use as animal fodder called... Day, or popup ad Organic, non-medicated, Organic poultry and products. In bales and covered with plastic wrap tightly per day allows farmers to keep feeding their when. Results in a more synchronised release of energy and protein operate the site and! Harvested product for the preservation, hay saved in bundles without a cover-up, while the process from air. Problem is that the former is grass that ’ s Best Organic offer.

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